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Corcovado Nacional Park

The park is situated on the Pacific coast, on the peninsula de Osa, in the province of Puntarenas. It was established by the executive decree no. 5357-A, on October 24, 1975, and comprises an area of 54.538,9 terrestrial and of 2.400 maritime hectares. Corcovado
Corcovado is situated in the habitat corresponding to the Southpacific region´s very humid rainforest and it can be said that no other wildlife area of the whole country protects the native plant and animal resources in this region. This wildlife area is considered an excellent living laboratory, where the tropical ecosystems´ structure, working and interacting can be studied.

Corcovado´s very humid forests figure among the last strongholds still supporting the very humid tropical rainforest´s ecosystems, unaltered in the American Pacific and with precipitations of more than 5.000mm annually. 

This park facilitates the investigation and scientific studies and favors the environmental education.

There are about 500 tree species in the whole park, equivalent to a fourth of all Costa Rican arboreal species. The area´s protected tropical rainforests not only constitute the best of these Pacific slopes ecosystems, but also the last ones of their species in the Central American region.

The park´s vegetation principally comprises very humid tropical rainforest with the following habitats: The mountainous forest, the cloud forest, the lowlands forest, the swampy forest, the herbaceous swamp, the mangrove swamp, cliff vegetations and the coastal vegetation.

The most characteristic species of the flora are the nazareno, the poponjoche, the guava tree, the sangregao, the ojoche, the sangregao and the cedar, among others.

The park protects different species in danger of extinction, such as the feline ones and big reptiles; furthermoreCorcovado it protects endemic bird species, as well as such of minor distribution.

There are 104 registered mammal species, 367 bird species, 117 amphibian and reptile species and 40 species of fresh water fish.

The most common species among the fauna are for example the tapir, the jaguar, the puma, the ocelot, the big anteayer, the white-faced and the colored monkey and the squirrel; the crimson macaw, the white sparrowhawk, the gallito de agua (Spanish for: ¨Litllte water cat¨, a bird species) and the grenadier turkey. Furthermore, the vulture king, the mountain hen, the crimson pigeon, the two-colored beaked toucan, the catano or zapayol, the kingfisher, the cacique and various hummingbird species. The park represents one of the conservation area´s most important sites for the protection of the lizard and the crocodile.


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